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NEWS RELEASES - via EurekAlert!

How forest fires spoil wine

( Technical University of Munich (TUM)) If wine is cultivated where forest fires occur more often, such as in Australia or Italy, aromas that make the alcoholic drink unpalatable can develop in the finished product. Until now, it wasn't known why this is so and what happens at the molecular level. A team at Technical University Munich is describing why the smoke aromas are stored in grapes and is thus showing the way for growers to eliminate this degradation in quality.

Grant supports academically-talented engineering students from low-income backgrounds

( University of Illinois at Chicago) The University of Illinois at Chicago College of Engineering has received a grant to provide scholarships, mentoring and internship opportunities to academically-talented, low-income engineering undergraduates.

Columbia engineers win NSF grant to study NYC storm surge infrastructure resilience

( Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science) With so many hurricanes ravaging the Caribbean and the southern US, it has become clear that addressing threats to infrastructure is critical to keeping our communities safe, functional, and healthy. Storm surge has emerged as one of the most destructive forces on infrastructure, especially interconnected structures in cities. To address this issue, Columbia Engineering researchers recently won a NSF grant to study storm surge threats to New York City infrastructure.

DSI professors mine social media to curb gang violence

( Data Science Institute at Columbia) A team of researchers from the Data Science Institute received a DARPA grant to study how gangs in Chicago use social media. The team will also study how ISIS recruits on social media.

UH researchers begin carbon capture project with Oil India

( University of Houston) Researchers from the University of Houston have begun a $1.4 million project to demonstrate using carbon dioxide captured from nearby petrochemical plants to boost oil recovery in a field in the Indian state of Assam, a project which will help to reduce the country's carbon footprint.

UW to host $15.6 million NSF-funded center for innovation, education in materials science

( University of Washington) The University of Washington is home to a new national center of excellence for research, education and training in materials science. The Molecular Engineering Materials Center is funded by a $15.6 million, six-year grant from the National Science Foundation as part of its highly competitive Materials Research Science and Engineering Center (MRSEC) program.

Canadian scientist takes HIV self-testing global with HIVSmart!™

( McGill University Health Centre) HIV self-testing is getting a global push thanks to a major new partnership between the Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre (RI-MUHC), Sympact-X and The International Association of Providers of AIDS Care (IAPAC), a key player in the fight against HIV/AIDS. This partnership with IAPAC will allow the implementation of HIVSmart!™ -- a software and cloud based application that facilitates HIV self-testing, linkages and retention in care -- in high HIV burden Fast-Track Cities worldwide.

Creative use of noise brings bio-inspired electronic improvement

( American Institute of Physics) Researchers at Osaka University in Japan are working to exploit stochastic resonance to enhance signal transmission for a new generation of devices, using single-walled carbon nanotubes. They created a summing network SR device that detects subthreshold signals, fabricated to include a self-noise component. The researchers report their findings this week in the journal Applied Physics Letters.

Four elements make 2-D optical platform

( Rice University) Rice scientists have discovered a two-dimensional, four-component alloy with an optical bandgap that can be tuned by the temperature used to grow it via chemical vapor deposition.

NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP Satellite gets two looks at Hurricane Maria

( NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center) Hurricane Maria was analyzed in visible and infrared light as NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP passed overhead over two days. NASA's GPM satellite also provided a look at Maria's rainfall rates.

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