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NEWS RELEASES - via EurekAlert!

Physicists have learned to change the wavelength of Tamm plasmons

( Siberian Federal University) Scientists from Siberian Federal University (SFU) and the L. V. Kirensky Institute of Physics (SB RAS) conducted theoretical studies of hybrid Tamm plasmons. Using numerical calculations, they were able to predict the structure in which it is possible to control the wavelength of these quasiparticles by means of an external electric field or heating. The study is presented in the Journal of the Optical Society of America B.

Coagulation Sciences selects Enercon as its contract manufacturer

( Mount Desert Island Biological Laboratory) Coagulation Sciences, a medical device startup that is being incubated at the MDI Biological Laboratory in Bar Harbor, Maine, has announced that it has selected Enercon Technologies of Gray, Maine, to be its contract manufacturing partner for its Multiple Coagulation Test SystemTM (MCTS), a desktop device that enables caregivers to quickly analyze the causes of blood clotting disorders at the point of care. The device reduces costs and risks associated with unnecessary blood transfusions.

NREL research determines integration of plug-in electric vehicles

( DOE/National Renewable Energy Laboratory) An influx of plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) charging without coordination could prove challenging to the nation's electric grid, according to research conducted by the US Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL).

New DNA database at Rutgers-Camden to strengthen forensic science

( Rutgers University) A new database at Rutgers University-Camden is now available to help to bring more reliability to the interpretation of complex DNA evidence. This innovative new resource was developed by a research team led by Rutgers University-Camden professors Catherine Grgicak and Desmond Lun, and Ken Duffy of the University of Ireland at Maynooth.

UTA researcher receives $441,000 NIH grant to develop technology for cardiovascular health

( University of Texas at Arlington) A UTA researcher will use a National Institutes of Health grant to build new imaging technology that will study blood vessel function in patients with heart failure that could lead to quicker diagnosis and life-saving treatment.

Adding graphene girders to silicon electrodes could double the life of lithium batteries

( University of Warwick) New research led by WMG, at the University of Warwick has found an effective approach to replacing graphite in the anodes of lithium-ion batteries using silicon, by reinforcing the anode's structure with graphene girders. This could more than double the life of rechargeable lithium-ion based batteries and also increase the capacity delivered by those batteries.

Vascular bypass grafting: A biomimetic engineering approach

( University of Pittsburgh) The National Institutes of Health awarded Jonathan Vande Geest, professor of bioengineering at the University of Pittsburgh Swanson School of Engineering, and his multi-institutional research team $672,682 for his one-year study, 'Preclinical assessment of a compliance matched biopolymer vascular graft.' His research builds upon his work at Pitt's Soft Tissue Biomechanics Laboratory designing newly engineered materials that mechanically and microstructurally behave the same way as the body's native tissues.

So much depends on a tree guard

( Columbia University) In a big city, trees, like people, like their space. In a new study, researchers at Columbia University found that street trees protected by guards that stopped passersby from trampling the surrounding soil absorbed runoff water more quickly than trees in unprotected pits. The results are published online in the journal Ecological Engineering.

New filters could enable manufacturers to perform highly selective chemical separation

( Tufts University) A team of chemical and biological engineers from Tufts University has developed highly selective membrane filters that could enable manufacturers to separate and purify chemicals in ways that are currently impossible, allowing them to potentially use less energy and cut carbon emissions, according to findings published in print today in the journal ACS Nano.

Building a more flexible plastic

( University of Pittsburgh) Each year more than 8 million tons of plastics pollute the ocean, forming mammoth, so-called 'garbage patches' via strong currents. Even with new collection methods, only 0.5 percent out of that volume is currently removed from the seas. One solution to this growing crisis is to prevent plastic from becoming waste to begin with -- and researchers from the University of Pittsburgh's Swanson School of Engineering are one of five international teams awarded for their novel solutions to this problem.


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